What is a Geriatric Care Manager?
A Geriatric Care Manager is a health and human services professional, such as a social worker, counselor, gerontologist or nurse, with a specialized
body of knowledge and experience related to aging and elder care issues. The Professional Geriatric Care Manager (PGCM) assists
older adults and persons with disabilities in attaining their maximum functional potential. The PGCM strives to respect the
autonomy of the individual and delivers care-coordination and support services with sensitivity to preserve the dignity and
respect of each individual. In addition, the PGCM is an experienced guide and resource for families of older adults and others
with chronic needs.
Do I Really Need a Geriatric Care Manager?
making the effort, step back a moment and try to determine whether you actually have a problem in which a professional geriatric
care manager needs to be involved. Do you have the time, inclination, and skills to manage the problems yourself? If you are
not sure, ask your clergy, your doctor, a social worker, your financial advisor, or a trusted friend to help you decide whether
this is something where an elder care expert would be helpful. Enlisting the support of other family members to consult a
professional is a good way to build consensus on the solutions.
Other questions that you may wish to consider are:
Are the problems that you or your loved ones are facing becoming larger and more complex than you can
Are other demands and
responsibilities now so great that you are not able to provide the desired level of supervision and attention to your loved
There are many
places to find a care manager in your city or state. This Web site, www.caremanager.org, includes a listing of professional geriatric care managers who belong to GCM. Members
of the New England chapter are listed at www.gcmnewengland.org. You may also want to check with local agencies or hospitals to obtain a list
of local referrals.
Health professionals and elder law attorneys are also excellent referral sources. These
professionals are often the best and safest sources of referrals.
Questions To Ask When Looking For a Geriatric Care Manager
People calling themselves care managers have many different backgrounds, and there is no standard certification
or qualification recognized as the proper credentials. It is important for the wise consumer to ask questions.
Some of these include:
- What are your professional credentials?
- Are you licensed in your profession?
- Are you a member of the National
Association of Professional Geriatric Care Managers?
- How long have you been providing
care management services?
- Are you available for emergencies?
- Does your
company also provide home care services?
- How will you communicate information to me?
- What are your fees? (These should be provided in writing to the consumer/responsible party prior to services
- Can you provide me with references?
Care managers do not specialize
in all areas. When a care manager says he/she practices “care management,” find out which matters he/she handles.
You will want to hire someone who regularly handles clients in the area of your concern.
Care managers who primarily work with older adults bring more to their practice than an expertise in
geriatrics. They bring knowledge of aging issues that allow them and their staff to overcome the myths relating to aging and
to focus on the problems at hand. At the same time, they will bring an experience of working with resources in your community.
They are more aware of real life problems, health and otherwise, that emerge as persons age and what tools are available to
address them. They are tied into a formal or informal system of social workers, nurses, psychologists, elder law attorneys
advocates, and other elder care professionals who may be of assistance to you.
Do You Recommend
We have had good success
with two Geriatric Care Management agencies. Your Elder Experts is part of JF&CS and can handle many complex situations.
Karen Wasserman is the Director at 1-781-693-5052. Another good private agency is Elder Resources
who are particularly good at crisis situations. Emily Saltz is the Principal at 1-617-928-0200. If you mention you were referred
by Christopher Jenkins they will be sure to give you the attention you need.
If you are not
sure if you need a geriatric care manager, the resource specialists at CJP Senior Direct are very good at sorting through
the issues with you over the phone. We recommend you talk to Marjorie Raskin or Candy Gould at 1-800-980-1982, and the call
Once You Have Found a Care Manager
When you have found an appropriate care manager, there will most likely be an on-site assessment. During
the assessment, you will be asked to give the care manager an overview of the reason you are seeking help and introduce all
the parties involved. Be sure to organize and bring all the information needed.
After you have explained your situation, ask:
- What resources
will it take to resolve this situation?
- Are there any alternative courses
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of each alternative?
- Who will be working with you?
- How many professionals may
be involved? What about off-hours and back up?
- How are fees computed?
- How is travel time and mileage handled?
- How are services
Ask Questions First
Ask lots of questions before choosing your care manager.
Start with the initial phone call. Is the call professionally answered? If you leave a message, is it returned promptly? Of
course, this is an indication of the kind of professional relationship you can expect. In addition to the
above questions, you should also ask:
- What are the primary services provided by this agency/business?
- What other services does this agency/business provide?
- How many care managers are
there in this agency/business?
- Is there a fee for the initial consultation and if so, how much is
- Given the nature of your problem, what information should you bring with you to the initial consultation?
- Should other family members/friends/caregivers come to the initial consultation?
- What will
the initial consultation include?
The answers to your questions will assist
you in determining whether that particular care manager and agency/business has the qualifications important to you for a
successful relationship. If you have a specific issue that requires immediate attention, be sure to inform the care manager
of this during the initial telephone conversation.
There are many different ways of charging fees and each care manager will choose to work differently.
You will also want to know how often he/she bills. Some care managers bill weekly, some bill monthly, some bill upon completion
of work. Ask about these matters at the initial conference and ask for them in writing, so there will be no surprises. If
you don't understand, ask again. If you need clarification, say so. It is very important that you feel comfortable in this
In addition to fees, most care managers will charge for out-of-pocket expenses.
Out-of-pocket expenses may include charges for mileage, caregiving supplies, long distance telephone calls, and other such
costs. Find out if there will be any other incidental costs. Note: There may also be
additional fees if outside professionals are called into the case. It is imperative that the care manager
receives approval to bring others in before the situation arises, if at all possible.
sure to discuss and make sure you have all questions answered before proceeding with an agreement for services. You should
expect a written agreement including fees before the commencement of services.
Get It in Writing
Once you decide to hire the care manager, ask that your arrangement be put in writing. The writing can
be a letter or a formal contract. It should spell out what services the care manager will perform for you and what the fee
and expense arrangements will be. REMEMBER-- even if your agreement remains oral and is not put into writing, you have made
a contract and are responsible for all charges for work done by the care manager and his/her staff.
Make It a Good Experience
A positive and open relationship between a care manager and a client is
important to successful outcomes. The key to getting there is communication. The communication starts with asking the kinds
of questions contained in this document. Use the answers to the questions as a guide not only to the care manager’s
qualifications, but also as a way of determining whether you can comfortably work with this person. If your concerns are not
responded to professionally and personally, if you don't like the answers to your questions, if you don't like the care manager’s
reaction to being asked all your questions, or if you simply do not feel relaxed with this particular person, DO NOT HIRE
THAT PERSON. Only if you are satisfied with the care manager you have hired from the very start will you trust him or her
to do the best job for you. Only if you have established a relationship of open communication will you be able to resolve
any difficulties that may arise between the two of you. If you take the time to make sure you are happy and compatible right
at the beginning, you can make this a productive experience giving you peace of mind and your family member the highest quality
of life possible. You will thank yourself, and your care manager will thank you.
additional information or if you have any compliments or concerns about care management services, please contact:
National Association of Professional Geriatric Care Managers (GCM)
1604 N. Country Club Road
Tucson, Arizona 85716-3102